After the crisis cargo turnover between Finland and Russia in 2010 was characterized by 60% import increase in comparison with 2009. In 2010 more than 3 million tons of cargoes were transported by all transport types (road, sea, air and rail transport) to the Russian Federation from Finland (in 2009 only 1,9 million tons were transported). In 2011 the growth of cargo import comprised 13,7% (almost 3,5 million tons).
In the period of 2009-2011 export cargo traffic to Finland slightly increased: +3% in 2010 (in comparison with 2009), +1,4% in 2011 (in comparison with 2010). The total cargo traffic to Finland in 2011 comprised 24 million tons (cargoes were transported by land, air and water).
The leading transport type used to deliver cargoes to the Nordic countries was motor transport. In 2011 motor transport delivered from Finland to Russia 1,65 million tons. Every year this segment of cargo transportations steadily goes up by approximately 100-120 thousand tons. However, the volume of sea carriages rapidly overtakes the volume of road haulage. In 2011 water transport delivered from Finland to Russia 1,36 million tons – it is 20 (!) times more in comparison with 2009. Having greater volumes of road and rail haulage in 2009, sea carriage has all chances to become as popular as road haulage or even to outrun its volumes.
Sea transport always took leading positions for export cargo transfer, ensuring about 70% of total cargo turnover. In 2010 its volumes slightly dropped down, but in 2011 the volume of sea carriages increased almost by 2 million tons rising beyond 17 million tons. As for road haulage which volumes considerably increased in 2010, in 2011 they decreased up to 2 million tons. This figure is smaller than in 2009.
Taking into consideration all mentioned above, it may be concluded that cargo turnover between the countries of Scandinavia and Russian Federation changes land carriage in favor of sea transport. Having small volume import growth in Russia, in 2011 motor and railway transport decreased cargo export amid stable growth of sea cargo turnover.
Cargo transfer between Finland and the Russian Federation in 2009-2011 in terms of transport type
Import to Russia
|Export from Russia
|2009, tons||2010, tons||2011, tons||2009, tons
||2010, tons||2011, tons|
|SEA||73 609||1 064 112||1 365 353||15 977 076||15 454 446||17 289 630|
|RAIL||397 795||425 638||445 424||4 991 395||5 952 375||4 936 620|
|ROAD||1 430 409||1 557 702||1 654 622||2 290 953||2 559 131||2 071 694|
|Total||1 902 368||3 047 695||3 465841||23259455||23966492||24297594|